Podoksik, Efraim, and Yiftah Elazar. 2020. “How did negative liberty become a liberal ideal?”. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES. Publisher's Version
Kaminitz, Shiri Cohen. 2020. “Looking Good or Feeling Well? Understanding the Combinations of Well-Being Indicators Using Insights from the Philosophy of Well-Being.”. Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement 150 (1) : 1. Publisher's VersionAbstract
In the context of the broad question of the combination of different indicators of social well-being, this paper points to a distinction between four normative approaches to social well-being. The paper identifies this distinction as a path for pursuing distinct legitimate interpretations of the concept, and hence of its measurement. Analyzing the four approaches—subjectivist, objectivist, pluralist and QSH, inspired by four parallel theories in the philosophy of (individual) well-being—imparts clarity to the act of aggregation. Each approach results in different weighing schemes. The paper analyses these four approaches and their significance for the issue at hand, thereby establishing grounds for a non-arbitrary interpretation of the data represented by indicators and non-arbitrary choice between indices. A particular contribution of the paper is defining and exemplifying the QSH approach, at the heart of which is the normative conviction that a society is not better off unless both
Pazit Ben-Nun, Bloom, et al. 2020. “Coping with Moral Threat: Moral Judgment amid War on Terror.”. Journal of Conflict Resolution (2-3) : 231. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Moral dilemmas amid war on terrorism include repeated harsh moral choices, which often pose threats to one’s moral image. Given that people strive to view themselves as moral, how do they cope with such morally compromising decisions? We suggest and test two strategies to cope with morally threatening decision-making under in-group moral responsibility amid war on terrorism: (a) trivialization of the moral dilemma and (b) resentment toward the target. Four experimental studies measured (study 1) and manipulated (studies 2–4) these hypothesized mechanisms, presenting a similar collateral damage dilemma to Israeli Jews in the context of the 2014 Gaza conflict (studies 1 and 2) and to Americans in the context of the US campaign against Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) (studies 3 and 4). Results demonstrate that both trivialization and resentment facilitate harsh moral choices under conditions of moral accountability. Studying the mechanism underlying moral decision-making in co
Vishkin, Allon, et al. 2020. “Religiosity and Desired Emotions: Belief Maintenance or Prosocial Facilitation?”. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin 46 (7) : 1090 - 1106. Publisher's VersionAbstract
We assessed how religiosity is related to desired emotions. We tested two competing hypotheses. First, religiosity could be associated with a stronger desire for emotions that strengthen foundational religious beliefs (i.e., more awe and gratitude and less pride). Second, religiosity could be associated with a stronger desire for emotions that promote prosocial engagement (e.g., more love and empathy and less anger and jealousy). Two cross-cultural studies supported the first hypothesis. Religiosity was related to desire for emotions that strengthen religious beliefs, but not to desire for socially engaging or socially disengaging emotions. These findings held across countries and across several different religions. A third study investigating the mechanisms of both hypotheses using structural equation modeling supported only the first hypothesis. This research extends prior work on desired emotions to the domain of religiosity. It demonstrates that the emotions religious people desir
Barak, Oren. 2020. “Studying the Middle East security sector: a conceptual framework.”. In Routledge handbook of Middle East politics. Ed. Larbi Sadiki, Routledge handbook of Middle East politics. Ed. Larbi Sadiki, Routledge , p. 521 - 530. Publisher's Version
Galia, Golan, and Sher Gilead. 2019. 5. Visual Spoilers? Peace and Conflict in Israeli Political Cartoons. Indiana University Press. Publisher's VersionAbstract
For as long as people have been working to bring peace to areas suffering long-standing, violent conflict, there have also been those working to spoil this peace. These spoilers work to disrupt the peace process, and often this disruption takes the form of violence on a catastrophic level. Galia Golan and Gilead Sher offer a broader perspective. They examine this phenomenon by analyzing groups who have spoiled or attempted to spoil peace efforts by political or other nonviolent means. By focusing in particular on the Israeli-Arab conflict, this collection of essays considers the impact of a democratic society operating within a broader context of violence. Contributors bring to light the surprising efforts of negotiators, members of the media, political leaders, and even the courts to disrupt the peace process, and they offer coping strategies for addressing this kind of disruption. Taking into account the multitude of factors that can lead to the breakdown of negotiations, Spoiling a
Malka, Reut Itzkovitch, et al. 2019. “The collective memory of dominant parties in parliamentary discourse.”. PARTY POLITICS. Publisher's Version
Fogel-Dror, Y. ( 1 ), et al. 2019. “Role-based Association of Verbs, Actions, and Sentiments with Entities in Political Discourse.”. Communication Methods and Measures 13 (2) : 69-82. Publisher's Version
Segall, Shlomi. 2019. “Sufficientarianism and the Separateness of Persons.”. Philosophical Quarterly 69 (274) : 142 - 155. Publisher's Version
Segall, Shlomi. 2019. “Why We Should be Negative about Positive Egalitarianism.”. UTILITAS 31 (4) : 414 - 430. Publisher's Version
Porat, R. ( 1, 2 ), et al. 2019. “Motivated emotion and the rally around the flag effect: liberals are motivated to feel collective angst (like conservatives) when faced with existential threat.”. Cognition and Emotion 33 (3) : 480-491. Publisher's Version
Tamir, M. ( 1 ), et al. 2019. “When there's a will, there's a way: Disentangling the effects of goals and means in emotion regulation.”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 116 (5) : 795-816. Publisher's Version
Reuven Y., Hazan, et al. 2019. OXFORD HANDBOOKS SERIES The Oxford Handbook of Israeli Politics and Society. Oxford University Press. Publisher's VersionAbstract
This publication offers the most wide-ranging examination to date of an intriguing country, one that is often misunderstood. It serves as a comprehensive reference for the growing field of Israel studies and is also a significant resource for students and scholars of comparative politics, recognizing that in many ways Israel is not unique but rather a test case of democracy in deeply divided societies and states engaged in intense conflict. The Oxford Handbook of Israeli Politics and Society considers the role of external hostilities, but this is not taken as the main determinant of Israel's internal politics. Rather, the Handbook presents an overview of the historical development of Israeli democracy through chapters examining the country's history, contemporary society, political institutions, international relations, and most pressing political issues. This comprehensive volume offers contributions by internationally recognized authorities on their subjects, outlining the most rele
Moshe, Maor. 2019. “Strategic Policy Overreaction as a Risky Policy Investment.”. International Review of Public Policy 1 : 46 - 64. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Policy overreaction is a policy that imposes objective and/or perceived social costs without producing offsetting objective and/or perceived benefits. It is therefore an objective fact and, at the same time, a matter of interpretation. Policy scholars tend to view this duality as a problematic ontological issue and to categorize such policies as errors of commission or omission. This article builds on (i)the aforementioned duality and (ii)a recent conceptual turn whereby this concept is re-entering the policy lexicon as a type of deliberate policy choice. This may be motivated by, among other factors, political executives’ desire to pander to public opinion, appear informed to voters, and signal extremity. The article assigns specific policy overreaction responses to two dimensions: the scale of policy in terms of objective costs and benefits, and public perceptions of policy. The derived policy taxonomy highlights four distinct empirical categories, which are elaborated and exemplifi
Gidron, Noam, and Daniel Ziblatt. 2019. “Center-Right Political Parties in Advanced Democracies.”. Annual Review of Political Science 22 : 17. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Byline: Noam Gidron, Department of Political Science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel; email:; Daniel Ziblatt, Department of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; email: Keywords: parties, party systems, center-right, radical right, conservatism Abstract This review proposes a comparative research agenda on center-right parties in advanced democracies, bringing together research in American and comparative politics. Political scientists have recently closely examined the decline of the center-left and the rise of the radical right but have paid less attention to the weakening of center-right parties. Yet cohesive center-right parties have facilitated political stability and compromises, while their disintegration has empowered radical challengers. After presenting an overview of right-wing politics in Western democracies and weighing different definitions of the electoral right, we di
Gidron, Noam, and Jonathan Jan Benjamin Mijs. 2019. “Do changes in material circumstances drive support for populist radical parties? Panel data evidence from The Netherlands during the Great Recession, 2007–2015.”. SocArXiv. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Political developments since the 2008 financial crisis have sparked renewed interest in the electoral implications of economic downturns. Research describes a correlation between adverse economic conditions and support for radical parties campaigning on the populist promise to retake the country from a corrupt elite. But does the success of radical parties following economic crises rely on people who are directly affected? To answer this question, we examine whether individual-level changes in economic circumstances drive support for radical parties across the ideological divide. Analyzing eight waves of panel data collected in The Netherlands, before, during, and after the Great Recession (2007–2015), we demonstrate that people who experienced an income loss became more supportive of the radical left but not of the radical right. Looking at these parties’ core concerns, we find that income loss increased support for income redistribution championed by the radical left, but less so fo
Gilad, S. 2019. “Mixing Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Pursuit of Richer Answers to Real-World Questions.”. Public Performance and Management Review. Publisher's Version
Rousseliere, Genevieve, and Yiftah Elazar. 2019. Republicanism and the Future of Democracy. Cambridge University Press. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Democracies are in crisis. Can republican theory contribute to reforming our political norms and institutions? The'neo-republican turn'has seen scholars using the classical republican tradition in reconstructing and developing a vision of public life as an alternative to liberalism. This volume offers new perspectives from leading scholars on how republicanism can help transform democratic theory and respond to some of its most pressing challenges. Drawing on this recent revival of republican political thought, its chapters reflect on such issues as the republican definition of freedom as nondomination and its relation to democracy and populism, the ideal of the common good, domination in the workplace and in the family, republicanism in a globalized world, and radical republican politics. It will appeal to researchers and students in political theory, political philosophy and the history of ideas, and anyone interested in gaining greater insight into the prospects and challenges of r
Kaminitz, Shiri Cohen. 2019. “Contemporary Procedural Utility and Hume’s Early Idea of Utility.”. Journal of Happiness Studies: An Interdisciplinary Forum on Subjective Well-Being 20 (1) : 269. Publisher's VersionAbstract
An appealing concept developed by economists in contemporary happiness studies is that of procedural utility: people’s tendency to value the processes that lead to outcomes in addition to the outcomes themselves. This paper identifies David Hume as an early forerunner of a very similar idea. Moreover, it demonstrates just how Hume used this idea to justify the very idea of commerce. The significance of this is twofold: demonstrating just how Hume is a forerunner of the later concept on the individual level (micro-level), but also pointing to a different approach to the concept of utility on the social level.
de Shalit, A. 2019. “The Functioning of Having a Sense of Place: Cities and Immigrants*.”. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 20 (3) : 267-279. Publisher's Version